A Complete Guide to Buying a Stun Gun

Posted by   TBO TECH
Stun Gun

These days, there are many reasons to consider buying a self-defense weapon.

Your safety is paramount, and sadly, the world seems to be descending deeper into violence.

But you don't have to venture out into the world defenseless. Even if you're small in stature and don't possess other self-defense skills, devices such as stun guns are proven to be effective at stopping attackers in their tracks.

In this post, we'll discuss the basics of these guns and how they work, how they can stop an attacker, and what to consider when buying your own.

What Is a Stun Gun?

A stun gun is a type of electroshock weapon that works by delivering an electric shock to a threat.

The purpose of the electrical shock is to temporarily (and non-fatally) disrupt muscle and motor functions while inflicting a substantial amount of pain, without delivering injury.

There are many types of electroshock weapons available on the market. The term stun gun often refers to a device that delivers the electric shock via direct contact. This is different than, for example, a TASER Device, which delivers the electric shock via a projectile with wires attached.

How Do They Work?

These devices utilize short bursts of high-voltage shocks (but at a low current level) to disturb muscle functioning.

Typically, the device will have two exposed electrodes (metal conductors of electricity) that are pressed against an attacker.

Depressing the trigger button sends a high-voltage electrical current to the electrodes which then travels through clothing and into the body of the attacker.

How Do They Stop an Attacker?

The person on the receiving end of the shock likely won't know what hit them.

The powerful, non-lethal electric stun gun, disrupts the normal functioning of muscle movements, effectively disabling the attacker for a short period of time (depending on the device and the duration of the shock).

An Electronic Stun Gun

Often times, the shock (even if only a few seconds in duration) will result in the attacker losing all control of their movements. The attacker will likely drop to the ground in a disabled, disoriented, and bewildered state.

Interestingly, the electric shock actually interrupts how the brain functions. The circuits which would normally control movements are interfered with by the electric shock. The effects of receiving an electric shock from the device will generally persist for anywhere from a couple of minutes to over half an hour.

Incapacitating an attacker with a device of this type gives the defender adequate time to escape the attacker and call for help.

How Quickly Does It Work?

A stun gun works immediately upon contact with the attacker.

The electric shock is powerful enough to immediately subdue a would-be attacker, giving the victim ample time to escape the situation.

Additionally, these weapons only deliver a shock to the assailant, even if they have a hold of you. The electric shock travels through their clothes and is completely absorbed by the body of the attacker.

A common misconception is that these weapons cause the person on the receiving end of the shock to have a heart attack. This is not true. The device is non-lethal and does not cause significant or permanent injury (though, the attacker will wonder if they sustained a massive injury due to the pain inflicted).

The disorienting and debilitating effects of these devices are proven to be an effective means of self-defense.

What to Consider When Buying Your Own

Now that we’ve covered the basics of what a stun gun is and how it works to disable an attacker, let's dive into what to look for when buying your own.

Listed below are various considerations that need to be made before purchasing the device that is best suited for your wants and potential needs.


An important aspect of these devices to take into consideration is what the voltage output is.

The voltage of a device is in direct proportion to its stopping power. The market is filled with a wide variety of voltage ranges, so care should be taken when selecting yours.

Buying a Stun Gun

The voltage will generally range from 50,000 volts on the low end, up to as much as 20,000,000 volts.

Even devices with a lower voltage rating will have sufficient power output to stop an attacker. However, the higher the voltage output does also translate into greater stopping power.


Once again, the market has a wide variety of products available, with devices ranging from small, medium, to large.

It’s important to consider the ease of use and ease of transport when selecting your own device. Mini stun guns, for example, are small and lightweight which makes them easy to carry and to conceal. Many devices of this size are also more affordable than other, larger models.

Medium size weapons are also easy to transport and conceal. The large sizes sometimes referred to as batons, are typically used most often by law enforcement and bodyguards. Though, they are also well-suited for home defense.

Legal Restrictions

Before purchasing your personal defense device, it’s important to research and be aware of any laws pertaining to their use.

Not every state makes it's use legal, while others allow their use but with legal restrictions.

Check with your local law enforcement agency to verify that carrying such a device is legal in your area.


Before purchasing a stun gun, be sure to compare the different features between your potential choices.

Some key features to look for include a disable pin, personal alarms, and rechargeable batteries.

A disable pin is a practical feature that prevents the attacker from using your device against you. The device is attached to you via a wrist strap. If the pin is pulled out, it won’t work.

Other handy features to consider and watch for are ones that include a personal alarm or a flashlight. The loud alarm will frighten an attacker as the sound draws attention to the scene. Flashlights, alternatively, are ideal for anyone needing extra protection at night.

Rechargeable batteries are also often preferred over disposable batteries. With rechargeables, the need to test and replace batteries is eliminated.


Devices such as stun guns can literally be a lifesaver in the event of a personal attack.

They are safe to use and carry little risk of causing serious injury. To browse through our selection of stun guns and other personal defense devices, visit our self-defense store!


The floor is yours!

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