What is the TASER BOLT?
1. What is the TASER BOLT?
The TASER BOLT® is a self defense electronic control device manufactured by TASER International, Inc. Neuromuscular Incapacitation (NMI) technology use propelled wires or direct contact to conduct energy to affect the sensory and motor functions of the nervous system.
Ok, after this, you're getting a little technical.
The TASER Bolt uses a replaceable cartridge containing compressed nitrogen to deploy two small probes that are attached to the TASER by insulated conductive wires with a maximum length of 15 feet. The BOLT transmits electrical pulses along the wires and into the body affecting the sensory and motor functions of the peripheral nervous system of the person being affected. The energy can penetrate up to two inches of clothing or one inch per probe. And Yes, even leather too.
2. Neuromuscular Incapacitation (NMI)?
The human nervous system communicates with simple electrical impulses. The command center (brain and spinal cord) processes information and makes decisions. The peripheral nervous system includes the sensory and motor nerves. The sensory nerves carry information from the body to the brain (temperature, touch, etc.). The motor nerves carry commands from the brain to the muscles to control movement and can be involuntary in response to the sensory information. An example would be the involuntary muscle reaction to pull a hand away from a hot object.
TASER technology uses similar electrical pulses to cause stimulation that affects the sensory and motor nerves. Neuromuscular Incapacitation (NMI) occurs when a device is able to cause involuntary stimulation of both the sensory nerves and the motor nerves. It is not dependent on pain and is effective on subjects with a high level of pain tolerance.
Previous generations of stun guns could primarily affect the sensory nerves only, resulting in pain compliance. A person with a very high tolerance to pain (e.g., a drug abuser or a trained, focused fighter) might be able to fight through the pain of a traditional stun gun.
3. Common Effect of NMI
The use of TASER technology is designed to cause incapacitation and involuntary muscle contractions, making secondary injuries a possibility. These potential injuries include but are not limited to: cuts, bruises, impact injuries, and abrasions caused by falling, and strain-related injuries from muscle contractions such as muscle or tendon tears, or stress fractures. These injuries are secondary in nature and not directly attributable to the electric stimulation of the TASER device, but are possible consequences of the involuntary muscle contractions the TASER device induces to produce incapacitation. Examples of the effects may include:
- Subject may fall immediately to the ground and be unable to catch him/herself. (A civilian defending his/herself should leave immediately and call police.)
- Subject may yell or scream. (Demonstrates effectiveness of device.)
- Involuntary muscle contractions of varying degrees. (That's what it does.)
- Subject may freeze in place with legs locked.
- Subject may feel dazed for several seconds/minutes.
- Potential vertigo.
- Temporary tingling sensation.
- May experience critical stress amnesia (may not remember any pain).
4. Basic Electrical Theory
- Electricity must be able to flow between the probes or the electrodes.
- Electricity generally follows the path of least resistance between the probes.
- The greater the spread between the probes on the target, generally the greater the NMI effectiveness.
- Electricity will generally not pass to others in contact with the subject unless contact is made directly between or on the probes.
- Electricity can arc through clothing.
- Exposure to water will not cause electrocution or increase the power to the subject (the electrical charge is fixed inside the TASER device, and will not increase significantly even with environmental changes).
Modern pacemakers and implanted cardiac defibrillators withstand external electrical defibrillators at least 800 times stronger than the TASER conducted energy pulses.
TASER® and TASER BOLT® are registered trademarks of TASER International, Inc.